“Sikka Ikat Weaving,” known as“Pete Lorun(g) Sikka" in the local language used by people in the Sikka Regency of East Nusa Tenggara Province, Indonesia, is a product that has been developed and supported by the community since hundreds of years ago from generation to generation. This weaving is fabricated by using traditional looms (ATBM) which are done manually by means of hand-tied and with woven materials made of cotton or suter (factory yarn or self-spunyarn/traditional) then colored with natural dyes without chemical dyes/naphthol.
Traditionally Sikka Ikat Tenun has the dominant color of indigo black, arranged mostly with geometric decorations on the edges with small or large black lines as well as with several variations of motifs. In principle, Sikka Ikat Weaving only uses three colors, namely: black, blue and dark brown. Traditional weaving using self-spuncotton yarn and given natural dyes has the advantage of being more expensive and can be long for hundreds of years.
Traditionally, the middle of Sikka Ikat Weaving is usually flanked by pairs of meanders that resemble betel nuts, interrupted by indigo black lines, by which this type of sarong is called hurangmitang. In the arrangement of motifs there is a master motif (in the local language "Ina gete") with a relatively large ornamental variety and is followed by the same ornamentation as the main motif but with a minimized form known as the child's motif (in the local language "inalotik/kesi" );
Sikka Ikat Weaving Motif is a representation of ethnicity, "magi" religious values, social culture aesthetic depicted with surrounding symbols in the form of plants and animals which are symbols and expressions of ancestors who at that time did not know the writing system. At present Sikka Ikat Weaving has been well-known by both domestic and international public because of its uniqueness.
The physical properties of Sikka Ikat Weaving based on theyard used can be divided into two, namely:
The protected product is the Sikka Ikat Weaving product which contains a variety of existing motifs in the form of: